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Timeline of the Martial Arts


800 B.C. China Boxing can be traced back reliable to the Choe Dynasty
700 B.C. China Wrestling in China
23 B.C. Japan First Sumo-match took place in front of Emperor Suinin of Japan
220 A.D. Hua To, "five animals play"-tiger, deer, monkey, bear and bird-were developed
470 India Bodhidarma was born as the Prince of Kanchipura in the South of India
516 China The Shaolin Temple was built
527 China Bodhidarma arrived at the Shaolin Temple
547 China The first reference to Bodhidarma was written in "The History of the temples Lo-Yang" by Yang Hsu
552-710 Japan The Asuka Period:  Buddhism introduced during this time period
552 Korea Buddhism was introduced to the kingdom of Paekche
594 Korea Prince Shotoku of Paekche proclaimed buddhism the religion of the state
604 Japan The Chinese calendar was adopted
663 Korea Paekche was destroyed by the Chinese loosening the grip of Japan from the mainland, who was Korea's ally
670 Shaolin monks saves the emperor of China
672 Japan "The Chronicle of Japan", "Nihongi" in Japanese was written, and the word "bugei" was used for the first time
710-794 Japan The Nara Period:  During this period the Japanese people take up a primitive use of the sword
720 Japan The "Nihom Shoki" first chronicle concerning Japanese wrestling, complied
780 Butokukai was founded by Emperor Kamu
794-1185 Japan The Heian Period:  This time period the emperor ruled like a god.  Political classes were being implemented. Sumo wrestling and Daito-ryu jujitsu (which heavily influenced Aikido) were developed.
800 Japan Kenjutsu schools proliferate
900-1200 Indonesia Silat transmitted from China
900 Japan Ch'in-na transmitted from China; becomes the basis for aiki-jutsu
c. 900 Philippines Kali founded
1100-1300 Shaolin heroic period
1147-1170 Korea Subak reached its peak in popularity
1185-1333 Japan The Kamakura Period:  The Chinese invade and introduce Zen Buddhism to Japan
1185-1336 Japan Aiki-jutsu founded by Shinra Saburo Yoshimitsu
1192 Japan Bushido emerges
1271-1368 China Kung-fu used by anti-government resistance groups
1274 The first mongolian attempt to invade Japan was stopped by the Samurai
1279-1368 China Yuan Dynasty
1281 The second mongolian army (150,000 men) were destroyed by the typhoon "Kamikaze" after 49 days
13th century Japan Zen transmitte by Chinese Buddhist monks
Chuan'fa reached its zenith during the Ming dynasty
c. 1300 China Chang San-Feng introduces soft elements to Shao-lin kung-fu and reputedly founds t'ai-chi-ch-uan
1300-1333 Japan Modern Iado, kenjutsu, were being developed by Shigenobu Hayashizaki in a school format
1300 China Empty hand styles were being codified into five animal classifications.  Some of these would later be introduced to Japan as Karate
1300 Japan The Samurai caste came into existence on the northside of Mt. Fuji
1333-1568 Japan The Muromachi Period
1336 Japan The Emperor Go-Daigo was forced to flee the throne and a rival emperor sat in Kyoto.  Feudalism arrived
1350 Okinawa Okinawa in trading with China, Korea and Japan introduces foreign fighting systems to the Ryu-Kyus (Okinawa Isles)
Japan Nen-ryu, earliest recorded school of swardsmanship, founded
Japan Sword techniques systematized for the first time by Choisai and Jion
1368-1644 China Ming Dynasty
China Ch'in-na recorded as a self-defense system
1372 Japan Takenouchi took sumai and kumiuchi tactics combining them to make a new fighting system of jujutsu
Okinawa King Satto officialy opens a dialogue with the Emperor Ming of China thereby establishing trade between the Ryukyu Islands and mixing kung-fu with traditional Okinawan styles
1392 Okinawa 36 Chinese families immigrate and teach Chinese boxing to Okinawans
1393 Okinawa Chinese officials were assigned to Okinawa, several of these were experts in Chuan'fa
c. 1400 Japan Ninjutsu emerges, flourishing for four centuries
15th century Malaya Huan Tuah purportedly founds bersilat
Japan Atemi becomes popular
1447 Japan Tenshin Shoden Katori Shinto-ryu was founded; the oldest existing martial arts school
1470 Okinawa King Hashi unites all of Okinawa and bans all weapons
1477 Okinawa Sho Shin bans all weapons, which stimulates underground training in unarmed combat
late 1400's Tibet Pai Ho chuan (white crane Gung Fu) is developed in Tibet
16th century China Win chun founded by Yim Wing Chun, a Buddhist nun
Brazil African slaves develop capoeira
Dragon style chuan'fa, T'ang Lang chuan'fa (praying mantis) was developed in the Shaolin temples
1542 Japan The Portuguese introduced firearms in Japan reducing the status of skill in unarmed battle
1543 Japan Portuguese traders land in Japan spreading Christianity, and the use of their guns
c. 1550 Japan Jojutsu founded by Muso Gunnosuke
1568-1600 Japan The Momoyama Period:  though guns have come to Japan, swardsmanship reigns supreme.  Famous Duelists came to light such as Musashi Miyamoto, Gonosuke Muso, and Tsunenaga Gasekura
1570 Japan Sumo emerges
1582 Japan Hideyoshi Toyotomi succeeded Nobunaga Oda bringing relative peace and unifying Japan
1600-1853 Japan The Edo (Tokugawa) Period:  shogunate Era which divided once again the classes in Japan
1600-1650 Japan Jujutsu emerges
17th century China Wong Long found praying manits kung-fu
Hsing-I (mind form), wu shu style, developed in the Shaolin temple at Wu-tang Mountain
1600 Japan Will Adams an English seaman arrives in Japan on board a Dutch trading ship.  Ieyasu makes Adams a samurai and improves his navy
1609 Japan The Satsuma clan fails to unseat the Shogun.  The clan is given Okinawa to oversee.
Okinawa Japan's Satsuma clan bans the use of weapons.  Okinawan improve weaponless fighting methods and create kobu-jutsu from farm tools
Okinawa With the invasion of the Satsuma clan of Japan, weapons are outlawed throughout the islands.  To-de (Chinese hands) was taken underground and split into three distinct groups, Naha, Shuri, and tomari, although not true styles (or ryu) each had its own system of self-defense
1624 Japan Spaniards were expelled from Japan for fear of military uprising
1629 Okinawa Tode and ch'uan fa synthesized into a new art called te
1644-1648 Japan China's Ch'en Yuanpin reputedly introduces a form of jujutsu and the sai
1644-1912 China Ching Dynasty
1645 Japan Miyamoto Musashi one of Japan's greatest samurai, dies
1648 China Practitioners of Chuan fa retreat to the temples in south China to avoid the Manchu
Japan Chen Yuan-ping (Chin Gempin in Japanese) fled his homeland of China to avoid the Manchus and become a naturalized Japanese
1662-1723 China The Triads, a secret society which perpetuates kung-fu emerges
1674 128 monks of Shaolin assisted Emperor K'ang His in beating down a rebellion
1692 Okinawa Ko Sokun, a shipwrecked Chinese boxer, introduces kumiai-jutsu
18th century Pa Kua chuan'fa (eight trigram palm fist way) was founded
c. 1700 Okinawa Modern characteristics of Okinawan karate begin to emerge
1703-1709 Thailand Muay Thai, in its early form, reaches its peak in popularity
1710 Japan "Hagakure Bushido" classic work on samurai ethics and conduct, written by Tsunetomo Yamamoto
1730 China Ching Edict drives kung-fu underground where it propagates secretly from generation to generation
1750 Japan Budo disciplines emerge from bujutsu
Japan Edo, Japan: shinai invented by Chuzo Nakanishi.  He also invents the body armor (dohontai) paving the way for Kendo
1761 Okinawa China's Kusanku begins teaching a form of kung-fu
1764 Philippines Spanish authorities ban kali
1776 Wing Chun Gung Fu was founded
c. 1800 France Paris; savate emerges
1804 Japan Russian envoy, Rezanove, arrives in Japan, initiating modern contact with the west
1815 Okinawa "Tode" Sakugawa dies; he is believed to have been the first to combine ch'uan fa and tode to form Okinawa-te
c. 1830 Okinawa Sokon Matsumura is first master to systemize karate and to call his tyle by a name (Shuri-te) other than his own
Italy Genoa; first savate club founded
1831 Choy Li Fut Gung Fu was founded by Chan Heung
1832 France Paris; Charles Lecour synthesizes English boxing and savate to create French boxing
1842 Huo chuan chuan'fa (monkey style Gung Fu) was developed
1848 U.S. California; kung-fu secretly transmitted to the U.S. by Chinese laborers imported for the Gold Rush
1853-1868 Japan The Transition Period:  During this period the Shogun is forced to resign his office and the emperor is the established leader.  Major earthquakes rock Japan further enhancing trade amoung the Westerners
1853 Japan Commodore Matthew C. Perry arrives openig up more trade with Japan
1868-1912 Japan The Meiji Period:  The end of Feudalism and the origin of modern Budo
1868 Okinawa Gichin Funakoshi is born to Gisu Funakoshi
Japan Samurai prohibited from wearing swords; end of samurai era
1877 Okinawa The Satsuma clan rebels against the Meiji Government that it had helped found
1882 Japan Tokyo; Jigoro Kano founds judo and established his first school, the Kodokan, at the Eisho-Ji Temple
1883 Japan Morihie Uyeshiba, the founder of Aikido, was born in Tanabe
1884 Japan Judo contest conducted for the first time, within jujutsu dojo
c. 1887-1889 Okinawa The word "karate" (T'ang hand) replaces te
1887 Japan Tokyo; Technical formulation of Kodokan judo completed
1888 Okinawa Gichin Funakoshi becomes a school teacher in the province of Shuri
Chojun Miyagi, founder of gojo-ryu karate, was born on the 25th of April
1889 Japan Tokyo; Prof. Ladd of Yale University becomes first american to study judo at the Kodokan
1890 Japan Sumo, Kendo and Judo become part of the curriculum in the Japanese school system for boys; naginata-do for girls
c. 1890 Okinawa Kanryo Higshionna introduces Naha-te and a breathing exercise called Sanchin
1892 England Jujutsu introduced
1893 Hironori Ohtsuka, founder of Wado-ryu karate, was born
1894 Japan Sino-Japanese war over Korea begins
Korea Sino-Japanese war over Korea begins
1895 Japan Kyoto; Dai Nippon Butokukai founded
1896 Japan Tokyo; Jigoro Kano devises the go-kyo-no-waza, a systemized approach for teaching judo
1899 Japan Kyoto; Butokuden established
Kenwa Mabuni, the founder of shito-ryu karate, was born
1900 China During the Boxer Rebellion, the martial arts are vitually eliminated from the mainland
1901-1902 Okinawa Karate becomes part of the physical education curriculum at two schools
1902 Okinawa Karate becomes accessible to populous upon a recommendation from doctors.  Gishin Funakoshi begins giving demonstrations
U.S. Yoshiaki Yamashita introduces judo in the U.S.
c. 1903 U.S. Washington, D.C.; Yoshiaki Yamashita demonstrates judo at the White House
1903 U.S. Shumeshiro Tomita, an influential judo pioneer, arrives in the U.S.
Okinawa Gichin Funakoshi introduces Karate to Shuri School Districts
1904 Japan Japan goes to war with Russia.  Russians are defeated, but Japan was econimically drained.
1905 Okinawa Chomo Hanashiro breaks tradition and writes book using new characters for karate which translate "empty hand(s)"
Japan Tokyo; majority of jujutsu schools merge with the Kodokan
Okinawa Karate taught as a sport for the first time by Yasutsune Itosu in middle schools
France Jujutsu introduced by writer Re-Nie Guy De Montgaillard; Judo taught to police in Paris
1906 Okinawa First public karate demonstration conducted by Gichin Funakoshi
England Gunji Koizumi, father of European judo, arrives
Korea Duk Ki Song begins learn Tae Kyon from Hue Lim at the age of 13
Germany Berlin; Erich Rahn becomes first European to teach judo extensively at his jujutsu school
Germany Berlin; Agitaro Ono begins teaching jujutsu at military academies
1907 Japan University Kendo Federation founded
U.S. Seattle, WA; America's first judo dojo founded by Takugoro Ito
Japan Jigoro Kano designed the gi-model which is used today
1909 Gogen Yamaguchi, founder of goju-ryu karate, was born
Korea Japan annexes Korea.  Korean's are banned from being able to practice fighting arts
U.S. Kali introduced by Jack Santos
U.S. Honolulu, HI; first judo called the Shunyokan, founded by Shigen Teshima and Naomatsu Kaneshiga
1911 Japan Tokyo; Judo Teacher's Training Department established at the Kodokan
Japan Jigoro Kano founds Japan Athletic Association
Japan Kendo and judo named compulsory subjects in Japanese middle schools
1912 China Kung-fu restored and instituted in all areas of Chinese learning
Japan Nihon Kendo Kata, foundation of all mondern kendo practice, created
Okinawa Funakoshi introduces karate to Japanese Imperial Navy, First Fleet
England E. J. Harrison, first Westerner to write prolifically about the martial arts, authors his classic book "The Fighting Spirit of Japan"
1914 Okinawa Funakoshi organizes hundreds of karate demonstrations all over Okinawa supported by all the Okinawa karate masters
Belgium Brussels; Judo introduced by Ito and Maurice Minne
1915 Okinawa Yasutsune Itosu and Kanryo Higashionna, the two most important 19th century Okinawan karate masters die
1917 Japan Kyoto; Gichin Funakoshi performs the first karate demonstartion in Japan at the Butokuden
1918 England London; Europe's first jodo club, the Budokwai, founded by Gunji Koizumi
1920 Italy Rome; Judo introduced by Carolo Oletti
U.S. Hawaii; Okinawan Kentsu Yabu performs karate demonstrations here and in Los Angeles, CA marking the first international exposure of this art
1921 Okinawa Okinawan Association for the Spirit of the Martial Arts founded by Gichin Funakoshi and others
U.S. Oriental martial arts exposed to Western audiences for the first time in the film Outside Woman
1922 Japan Tokyo; Gichin Funakoshi demonstrates karate at the 1st National Athletic Exhibition; he then remains in Japan to teach his art
Japan Funakoshi established the first karate club in Japan at the Meisei Juku; he also writes the first book on karate "Ruykyu Kempo:  Karate"
Japan Kodokan Dan Grade Holder's Association founded
Korea Seoul; Korea Archery Association founded
Germany Erich Rahn defeats Hans Reuter of Munich to become first professional German Jujutsu champion
U.S. Honolulu; Chinese Physical Culture Association becomes the first club in the West to teach a form of Kung-fu
1923 Korea Masatatsu Oyama, founder of kyokushinkai karate, was born under the name Choi Young
Japan Gichin Funakoshi's first Dojo is destroyed by an earthquake
1924 Japan First Japanese collegiate karate club founded at Keio University by Gichin Funakoshi
Germany Reichsverbandes for Jiu-Jitsu founded
1925 Ueshiba demonstrated for the first time his own version of Aiki-jutsu
Germany First illustrated martial arts magazine, "Jiu Jitsu", published
1926 Japan Tokyo; women's judo section established at the Kodokan
Japan Funakoshi publishes "Rentan Goshin Karate-jutsu", his first book
c. 1927-1928 Okinawa Chojun Miyagi founds goju-ryu karate; he is the first to give his style a name apart from the city in which it is practiced
1927 U.S. Honolulu; Kentsu Yabu gives the first public karate demonstration in Hawaii, and introduces Shuri-te
1928 Japan All Japan Kendo Federation founded
Japan Chojun Miyagi teaches karate at universities
Japan Nippon kempo founded by Muneomi Sawayama
Okinawa Choshin Chibana becomes the first to hame his karate style shorin-ryu
China Kung-fu is renamed we shu and becomes formalized
Australia Judo introduced by Dr. A.J. Ross; Australian Council of Judo founded
Japan Karate clubs organized at all major college campuses
1929 England London; Europe's first international judo meet conducted between the Budokwai and the Jiu-Jitsu Club of Frankfurt on Main
India Judo is introduced
c. 1930 Korea Hong Hi Choi "father of Tae Kwondo" begins his martial art training under Hann Il Dong, who was trained un Duk Ki Song
1930 Japan Tokyo; Gogen Yamaguchi establishes Japanese gouju-ryu headquarters
Japan Osaka; Kenwas Mabuni founds Shito-ryu karate
Japan 1st All Japan Judo Championships conducted
Okinawa Okinawan Prefecture Athletic Association founded; Chojun Mihagi named karate division chairman
U.S. Los Angeles, CA; Wong Wen Sun Chinese Benevolent Association, the earliest knon group of kung-fu students in the US, founded by Ark-Yuey Wong
Hungary Judo introduced by Tibor Vincze
England Europe's first intercollegiate judo match conducted between Oxford and Cambridge universities
1931 Japan Tokyo; Police adopt modern hojo-jutsu
Japan Tokyo; Kanken Toyama founds shudokan karate
Hungary First judo club founded
Africa Judo introduced
1932 Japan Judo Medical Research Society founded
Europe First Judo organization, the European Judo Federation founded
Germany Frankfurt; first international judo summer school founded by Alfred Rhode
U.S. Hawaii; first known kendo school outside of Japan founded by Shuji Mikami
1933 Japan Karate recognized as one of the official martial arts of Japan with the founding of the Dai Nippon Butokukai, Okinawa Branch
Europe Judo founder Jigoro Kano tours Europe; the ter "judo" begins to replace "jiu-jitsu"
U.S. Hawaii; Choki Motobu promotes Okinawan karate
U.S. Hawaii; Zuiho Mutsu and Kamesuke Higaonna cofound Hawaii Karate Seinin Kai, first known Caucasian group to openly promote and study karate
1934 Holland Judo introduced by Maurice Van Nieuwenhuizen
U.S. Hawaii; Cojun Miyagi lectures and teaches gojo-ryu karate
Brazil Judo master Ryuzo Ogawa immigrates and becomes chief instructor of the Jukendore-nei Association
1935 Japan All Japan goju-kai karate-do Association founded by Gogen Yamaguchi
Japan All Japan Kemp Federation founded by Muneomi Sawayama
Japan Jigoro Kano receives Asashi Prize for outstanding contributions to art, science and sport
France Paris; France's first judo club the Club Franco-Japonais, founded by Mikonosuke Kawaishi
Yoshioki Yamashita achieved 10th Dan in Judo from Kano
1936 Okinawa Naha; At a conference of distinguished darate masters it is decided to officially adopt the term "karate" for the national martial art of Okinawa
Japan Zoshigaya; First freestanding karate dojo, "The Shotokan" established by Gichin Funakoshi's students
Japan Funakoshi adopts Chomo Hanashiro's translation of karate, "empty hand" and popularizes it
Japan Chojun Miyagi receives a medal for "Excellence in the Martial Arts" from the Ministry of Education
Korea Hwang Kee masters Tae Kyon and Soo Bak Do at the age of 22, travels to north China to study the "T-ang Method" of kung-fu
U.S. Los Angeles, CA; Toaro Mori immigrates and teached kendo
France Jiu-Jitsu Club de France, still operatin today, founded by M. Feldenkrais, with Mikonosuke Kawaishi its chief instructor
1937 Korea Han pol, a branch of hapkido, founded by Chung Yun Kim
Shito-ryu karate founded
Japan Hong Hi Choi begins training in Kyoto under Shotokan instructor Mr. Kim
1938 Japan Judo Founder Jigoro Kano dies; Nango Jiro named his successor
Soviet Union Sambo recognized as an official sport
1939 Japan Jironori Ohtsuka founds wado-ryu karate and the All Japan Karate-do Federation, Wado-kai
Soviet Union First sambo championships conducted
Japan Hong Hi Choi receives his 1st Dan in Shotokan after two years of intensive training
1940 Okinawa Karate becomes the official martial art of the Okinawan Police Academy
U.S. San Jose, CA; Emilio Bruno and Henry Stone conduct the first intercollegiate judo competition
France Jiu-Jitsu Federation of France founded by scientist paul Maury-Bonet
Uechi-ryu karate founded
U.S. Lee Jun Fan also named Bruce Lee was born in San Fransisco and the family returns to Hong Kong shortly afterwards
1941 Japan Kendo named a compulsory subject in Japanese primary schools
1942 Japan Tokyo; Morihei Ueshiba founds aikido
U.S. Honolulu, HI; James Mitose founds the Official Self-Defense Club
1943 Korea Japanese karate and Chinese kung fu introduced
France First French Judo Championships conducted at Walgram Hall
1944 U.S. Hawaii; Prof. William K.S. Chow teaches kenpo for the first time
Korea After learning Tae Kyon and Sabak from his neighbors and Shotokan karate from G. Funakoshi in his college years, Byung Jick Ro, opens first dojang in Kae-Sung and Kwan Duk Gung (archery school), which lasted three months due to limited enrollment.  He called his style Soong Moo Kwan
1945-1950 Japan The Allied occupation bans the practice and teaching of all martial arts and ways
Germany Judo practice prohibited by the Allied occupation
c. 1945 Korea Hwang Kee founds tang soo do
Europe European Judo Union founded
1945 Korea After Korea's liberation Tae Kyon an Sabak resurfaced. Hwang Kee combines his martial knowledge into Tang Soo Do. Many other martial arts begin to emerge.  Yun Moo Kwan founded by Sup Chun Sang.
Korea The Chung Do Kwan school was the first to have a school and openly teach an empty hand martial art.  It was founded by Won Kook Lee.
Okinawa Eizo Shimabuku(ro) designated the grandmaster of shobayashi shorin-ryu.
Korea Seoul; Korean Judo Association founded
China Communism overtakes the mainland; kung-fu masters retreat to Hong and Taiwan and disseminate their arts
1946 Korea Byung In Yoon founds chang moo kwan
Japan Shikoku; Doshin So systematizes Shorin-ji-kempo
Japan All Japan Karate-do Association founded by Kanken Toyama
Japan Tokyo; The Kuramae Kokugikan constructed for sumo competition
U.S. Phoenix, AZ: Robert Trias introduces karate in America, and becomes the first Caucasian to teach it
Burma Rangoon; U Ba Than found International Bando Association
Korea Byung Ro opens second dojang in Kae Sung; this attempt was unsuccessful due to the onset of the Korean War
Korea Chi Do Kwan is founded by Yon Kue Pyang
1947 Okinawa Shoshin Nagamine founds matsubayashi shorin-ryu
France French Federation of Judo and Associated Sports founded by Paul Maury-Bonet
Indonesia Djakarta; Ikatan Pentjak Silat Indonesia founded
Indonesia Silat Organasi, which united pentjak-silat systems founded
U.S. Hawaii; kajukenbo cofounded by five instructors
1948 Korea Seoul; Korean Kum Do Association founded
Japan First All Japan Judo Championships conducted
Japan All Japan Kyudo Federation founded
U.S. Phoenix, AZ; Robert Trias founds America's first karate organization, the United States Karate Association
U.S. Berkeley, CA; Henry Stone devises weight divisions for judo competition
New Zealand Judo introduced by George and Keith Grundy
1949 Korea Hong Hi Choi visits Ft. Riley Ground General Scholl in Kansas and gave a public demonstration on Korean Karate.
Japan The Shotokai founded.
Japan Tokyo; Japan Karate Association founded.
Japan All Japan Judo Federation founded.
U.S. Judo recognized as an official sport by the amateur Athletic Union.
Europe Judo Union and British Judo Association founded.
1949-1951 Japan Karate is introduced on American Air Bases.
Japan Japan Karate Association (JKA) organized by G. Funakoshi, Chief Instructor, N. Nakayama, Asst. Instructor.
1950 Japan Chojiro Tani Founds shukokai karate.
Japan Butokukai reestablished with the official removal of the SCAP ban.
Japan Tokyo; Gogen Yamaguchi founds the Karate-Do Goju-Kai.
Italy Venice; International Judo Federation founded.
U.S. Hawii; Adriano Emperado founds the first and subsequently largest chain of karate schools.
1951-52 Japan Tokyo; American Air Force personnel receive martial arts training at the Kodokan.
1951 Japan Tokyo; Japan Karate Association adopts kumite (free-sparring) practice.
Japan Mas Oyama founds kyokushinkai karate.
Europe Stockholm, Sweden; Juso introduced by Bruno Adler.
France Paris; First European Judo Championships conducted.
Europe Yugoslavia; First judo dojo founded in Angreb.
Pamekasan Hasan Hubudin founds pamur, a form of pentjak-silat.
1952 Japan Tokyo; Tatsu Tanaka founds goshin-jutsu, a form of jujutsu.
Japan Eizo Onishi founds koei-kan karate.
Japan Chibana Sanshu founds toshu kakuto.
Korea Seoul; Dr. Je-Hwang Lee founds the Korean Yudo College.
U.S. Mas Oyama tours 32 states and introduces karate on a widespread basis to the American public for the first time.
U.S. Amateur Judo Association, the first national governing body for Judo, founded.
Europe International Judo Federation founded; Risei Kano named president.
Europe Hungary; National Judo Federation founded.
Europe Ireland; Judo introduced at a small club in Phoenix Park.
1953 Japan All Japan Naginato-do Federation founded.
Korea First National Kum Do Championships conducted.
Naha; Shoshin Nagamine founds first matsubayashi-ryu karate dojo.
U.S. Berkeley, CA; first collegiate judo tournament (Pacific Coast Intercollegiate Judo Championships) conducted.
U.S. San Jose, CA; First National AAU Judo Championships conducted.
U.S. Emilio Bruno organizes a tour of SAC bases by ten Japanese martial arts instructors; this marked the second broad-based introduction of the martial arts in the U.S.
Europe European Judo Union reformed; Dr. Aldo Torti of Italy elected president.
Europe Hamburg, Germany; German Judo Bundes founded.
U.S. Hawaii; aikido introduced by Koichi Tohei.
Korea President Syngman Rhee orders all soldiers to receive training in the art of Korean Karate.
Korea Byung Ro opens third dojang in Seoul following the Korean War.  This time it is successful.
Korea May 25, nine Grandmasters of the Kwan styles come togher to form the Kung Soo Do Association.  Was the first organization developed by the Korean Martial Arts Community.
Korea Oh Do Kwan is founded by Hong Hi Choi.
c. 1954 France Paris; Europe's first karate club, the Academie Francaise d' Arts Martiaux, founded by Henry D. Plee.  Plee also founds the French Federation for Free Boxing and Karate.
1954 Japan Hong Kong; Burce Lee begins studying wing chun under Master Yip Man.
Kanagawa-ken; Eizo Onishi founds first koei-kan karate dojo.
U.S. New York, NY; Edward Kaloudis introduces karate on the East Coast.
U.S. Covington, KY; Chito-ryu karate introduced in the U.S. by William Dometrich.
U.S. Hawaii; Mas Oyama visits and with Bobby Lowe founds the first overseas branch of kyokushinkai karate.
U.S. Provo, UT; kenop karate introduced in the U.S. by Ed Parker.
Korea Okinawa; Tatsuo Shimabuku founds isshinryu karate.
1955 Japan Tokyo; Japan Karate Association founds its first dojo, and begins sending Shotokan instructors abroad to establish schools.
Korea Seven styles merge to form tae kwon do, a name coined by Choi Hong Hi.
Japan Tokyo; Masatoshi Nakayama appointed chief instructor of the JKA.
Japan Mas Oyama founds his first dojo, the Kyokushinkaikan.
U.S. Phoenix, AZ; Robert Trias conducts the first karate tournament in America (Arizona Karate Championships).
U.S. Judo Black Belt Federation founded, replacing the Amateur Judo Association.
U.S. Los Angeles, CA; Tsutomu Ohshima introduces Shotokan karate in the U.S.
Korea Conference of masters on April 11, merges the Korean Arts and kwans, they decide to call the unified arts Tae Soo Do.
1956 Japan All Japan Collegiate Karate Federation founded by Yoshiaki Ajari.
Japan Tokyo; First World Judo Championships conducted.
Korea All Okinawa Karate-do Association founded.
Japan All Japan Juken-do Federation founded.
U.S. Los Angeles, CA; Ohishima founds Shotokan Karate of America.
U.S. San Marcos, TX; Jhoon Rhee introduces tae kwon do in America.
U.S. Pasadena, CA; Ed Parker establishes his first West Coast kenpo school.
New Zealand Judo Federation Founded.
1957 Japan Tokyo; Gichin Funakoshi dies.
Japan Tokyo; First All Japan Karate Championships conducted.
U.S. Tennessee; wado-ryu instructor Cecil Patterson becomes one of the South's first karate teachers.
U.S. Los Angeles, CA; Gordon Doversola introduces Okinawa-te in America.
U.S. St. Louis, MO; Louis Kowlowski founds the first karate dojo in the Midwest.
U.S. Jacksonville, NC; Don Nagle introduces issihinryu karate in America.
France Paris; Tetsuji Murakami founds a Shotokan dojo.
Europe Germany; Juergen Seydel introduces karate.
Europe Sweden; Gerhard Gosen introduces aikido, karate and t'ai-chi-ch'-uan.
U.S. Honolulu, HI; t'-ai-chi-ch'-uan instructor Tinn Chan Lee becomes first to teach Kung-fu to the general public.
Korea Korean master change unified art of Tae Soo Do to "Tae Kwando"
1958 Japan Tokyo; Kodokan moves to a new seven-story building.
U.S. Los Angeles, CA; Nisei Week Karate Championships, today the longest running annual karate event in the U.S., conducted by Tsutomu Ohshima.
U.S. Boston, MA; George Mattson introduces Uechi-rye karate in America, and becomes the first karate teacher in the New England states.
Canada Mas Tsuroka, father of Canadian karate, begins teaching in Toronto, Ontario.
U.S. Jhoon Rhee begins teaching Taekwando in the U.S.
Korea Hwan Kee Huang, founder of Tang Soo Do Moo Duk Kwan, withdraws his membership from the Kung Soo Do Association and establishes the Korean Tang Soo Do Association.
1959 Korea Gen. Choi Hong Hi writes and publishes his first Korean-language textbook.
Korea Okinawa; Eizo Shimabuko(ro) named chairman of the All Japan Karate-do League, Okinawa branch.
Japan Isao Inokuma, 21, becomes youngest ever to win All Japan Judo Championship title.
U.S. Hawaii, becomes the 50th state of the U.S.
U.S. Jersey City, NJ; Don Nagle establishes isshinryu's U.S. headquarters.
U.S. New York, NY; Hiroshi Orito introduces renbukai karate in America.
U.S. Union City, NJ; Peter Urban introduces Japanese goju-ryu karate in America.
U.S. Seattle, WA; Bruce Lee immigrates to America to attend school.
U.S. New York, NY; Alan Lee introduces Shaolin kung-fu on the East Coast.
Korea Hong Hi Choi becomes the president of the Oh Do Kwan.
U.S. Tsutomo, Ohshima first official karate instructor in the U.S. in Shotokai.
1960 Korea Seoul; Joo Bang Lee and Joo Sang Lee found first public hwarang-do school.
U.S. U.S. Judo Federation replaces the Judo Black Belt Federation.
U.S. Seattle, WA; Bruce Lee establishes his first gym in Chinatown.
U.S. Hayward, CA; Wadoryu karate-do taught publicly for the first ime by Yoshiaki Ajari.
Europe Yugoslavia; Trin Tam introduces karate in Zagreb.
U.S. Washington, D.C.; Dr. Maung Gyi introduces bando in America.
U.S. Watertown, MA; anthony Mirakian introduces Okinawan gojuryu in America.
U.S. New York, NY; S. Henry Cho founds first tae kwon do dojang on the East Coast.
U.S. Pacific Northwest:  Steve Armstrong of Tacoma, WA and Bruce terrill of Portland, OR, two influential karate pioneers, begin teaching.
U.S. American Judoman Magazine founded by Philip Porter.
U.S. Elvis Presley becomes the first known celebrity to earn legitimate karate black belt; he's promoted to 1st dan in Chito-ryu by Hank Slemansky.


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Last Update: 08/20/14